Richard Lakeman

Professional Interests
Qualifications etc
Journal Articles
Book Reviews
Books / Chapters
Conference Presentations
Teaching Resources
Web Sites Created
Hearing voices Page
Self Defeating Beliefs
Dealing with unexpected death
Contact Richard

There are 3 links


Lecture - The meaning of mental health and illness - Stigma and Marginalisation

This is an hour long vodcast of a lecture relating to the meaning of mental health. It considers how we have come to view mental health problems as discrete from other problems, how mental disorder is categorised and what the implications of our changing conceptions of health and illness are in relation to stigma and discrimination. The PDF link is to associated readings and references.


Mac Gabhann, L., Lakeman, R., McGowan, P., Parkinson, M., Redmond, M., Sibitz, I., et al. (2010). Hear my voice: The experience of discrimination of people with mental health problems in Ireland. Dublin: Dublin City University / Amnesty International.

The PDF links to the final report published at DCU. A truncated report edited by the team at Amnesty International may be found at their website.

Journal Articles

Lakeman, R., McGowan, P., MacGabhann, L., Parkinson, M., Redmond, M., Sibitz, I., Stevenson, C., & Walsh, J. (2012). A qualitative study exploring experiences of discrimination associated with mental-health problems in Ireland. Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences, 21(3), 271-279

Aims - Stigma and discrimination related to mental health problems impacts negatively on people’s quality of life, help seeking behaviour and recovery trajectories. To date, the experience of discrimination by people with mental health problems has not been systematically explored in the republic of Ireland. This study aimed to explore the experience impact of discrimination as a consequence of being identified with a mental health problem.
Methods - Transcripts of semi-structured interviews with 30 people about their experience of discrimination were subject to thematic analysis and presented in summary form.
Results - People volunteered accounts of discrimination which clustered around employment, personal relationships, business and finance, and health care. Common experiences included being discounted or discredited, being mocked or shunned, and being inhibited or constrained by oneself and others.
Conclusions - Qualitative research of this type may serve to illustrate the complexity of discrimination and the processes whereby stigma is internalised and may shape behaviour. Such an understanding may assist health practitioners reduce stigma, and identify and remediate the impact of discrimination.


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